Why Is Egg Freezing after IVF So Important?
A woman’s age is the most important factor that affects fertility. A woman is born with all of the eggs she will ever have and as she grows up, due to ovulation and the natural process of cell loss called atresia, her egg count declines. In addition, her egg quality will diminish due to the accumulation of chromosomal abnormalities in an egg over time and because of this woman’s chance of conceiving decreases gradually from age 30-35. And after age 40, sharp decline is observed in the fertility rate leading to decreased conception and high miscarriage rates. Freezing eggs can help to preserve your ability to have a child in the future since the number and quality of eggs are frozen in time.
The Indian Scenario
Multiple studies have shown , that SouthEast Asian women and Indian women, have a lower ovarian reserve (less number of eggs in the ovary). On an average the fertility potential of a36 year old Caucasian woman, matches that of a 30 year old Indian woman, meaning thereby that fertility reduces 6 years earlier in an Indian woman compared to her Caucasian counterpart. Hence, it becomes all the more important to be aware of one’s own individual fertility potential and ovarian reserve, and consider the option of Egg Freezing in fertility treatment, if the reserve is low and immediate pregnancy is not desired.
Should I Freeze My Eggs?
Although what should be the best time to have a baby is a personal decision, it takes significant thought and consideration.
A woman may choose to freeze eggs for a number of reasons:
- Timing: You may not be ready to start a family now because of various factors or priorities like education, career, travel, money or some other obligations. Or perhaps, you may not have found the right partner yet or maybe, you just aren’t ready.
- Family Building: You may already have a child or two but by the time you want to have more your fertility may be affected.
- Undecided: You may not know now if you want a child (or more children) in the future.
- Medical: Certain medical conditions may hamper your ability to have children, such as primary ovarian insufficiency, endometriosis and cancer treatments.
What is the IVF egg freezing process?
- The purpose of egg freezing is to save the eggs in a given cycle that would have been lost in the natural process of cell loss and ovulation.
- At Xenith IVF Center in Pune, we do this by administering hormonal injections for about 8-10 days. These hormones (also called gonadotropins) are naturally present in the body and are essentially the very same ones that your brain releases to stimulate the eggs in your ovary.
- Since we want more than just one egg to develop in the ovary, you will take higher doses of such hormones than your brain ordinarily produces.
- During this period, you’ll have to make 5–7 short office visits at IVF Centerto monitor the response and follicle growth . You would be required to have a blood test and an ultrasound. At these visits, your doctor would assess your response to the medication and would make adjustments depending on how your eggs are growing.
- Once the number and size of the eggs in the ovary are deemed sufficient, the retrieval process is carried out.
- You will need mild anesthesia so that you do not feel anything and the entire procedure would take about 15-20 minutes.
- At Xenith IVF Center, we use an ultrasound probe in the vagina attached with a needle. A very small puncture is made through the vaginal wall which then enters the ovary. The fluid from what are called follicles, which enclose the eggs, are sucked out through this very thin needle. The fluid is then handed off to the embryologist in the embryology lab.
- The embryologist examines the fluid under the microscope to evaluate for the presence of these microscopic eggs and freezes the eggs that appear viable with the most sophisticated vitrification protocol.
- When you are ready to have a child, your frozen eggs will be thawed and fertilized in our lab. The resulting embryo can then be transferred into your uterus.
How long can the eggs remain frozen? Is Egg Freezing Safe?
An extensive study of over 900 babies born from the fertilization of previously frozen eggs revealed no increased risk of birth defects when compared to the general population. Other studies have found no increased rate of chromosomal abnormalities or pregnancy complications in babies born from frozen eggs. Based on scientific data as well as our own ample experience, there is no damage that results from the long-term storage of frozen eggs. Human eggs are likely to remain frozen and viable indefinitely.
Xenith Advanced Fertility Centre is one of the best IVF centers in Pune with state of the art equipment. We specialize in IVF egg freezing treatments. Call us today to book you appointment.